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The habits that may in the human world qualify as misbehavior on the part of your canine companion are usually entirely normal dog behaviors that have run afoul of human rules. Rather than punish your dog for doing something he didn't understand was wrong, you need to restrict his access to the garbage area when you are not home and alleviate the hunger, boredom or separation anxiety that may have led to garbage picking in the first place. Think like a dog; start by understanding what motivates him to do the things he does.
Below you'll find an overview of some of the most common canine misbehaviors. In correcting these misbehaviors, spend time on basic obedience training. Training involves both you and your dog. The better trained a pet owner you are, the better trained your dog will be. If you continue to have problems with certain behaviors, consult a professional behaviorist.
Digging is a natural tendency for dogs, and they may do it for several reasons: to reach or get to a prey, to protest against being left outside too long, to relieve boredom, or to make a cooling/heating pit. You can discourage your dog from digging in areas where he should not. Here's how:
Dogs are highly social animals and want to be where the action is. They may scratch doors in their effort to convince their owners to let them in or out. First, figure out why he's scratching and see if you can resolve his problem. If he has to go out to relieve himself, take him for a walk. If he is lonely outside and wants your attention, take a short play break with him. Check to see if his food and water dishes are full. If he continues scratching, tell him "No!" firmly, when you catch him in the act.
A good substitute for scratching that will alert you to your dog's need (and that won't ruin the door) is to hang a small bell by the doorknob or near the door. Let him use his nose or paw to ring the bell every time you take him in or out, and soon he will learn that this is the way to get your attention.
Jumping on Furniture and/or People
The best way to keep a dog from jumping on furniture and people is to train him to sit on command. Give the command when you anticipate the dog is about to jump up, then reward him with praise or food when he complies.
Bolting out of Doors
For their own safety, dogs must never be allowed to dash out as soon as you open the door. Again, good training is your answer to a bad habit. Basic obedience commands such as "sit" and "stay" will stop your dog from finding himself in a potentially dangerous situation.
Barking and Howling
When your dog barks or howls, find out why before you tell him to stop. If he's alerting you to a stranger in the yard or at the door, praise him and then tell him "Quiet." If he barks constantly at sights and sounds outside your home, put him in a quieter less stimulating part of the house. If he howls all day when you're gone ? something you may discover from your neighbors ? he may be suffering from separation anxiety and in need of professional intervention.
One basic obedience command that can discourage incessant barking and howling is the "speak" command. When your dog barks, give the command "Speak!" and praise him so he knows he's pleased you. Then train him further by saying "Speak!" and waiting for him to comply. When he does, give him a treat and plenty of praise. In no time, he will learn to understand that the combination of "No! Speak!" means he shouldn't make a sound.
Expect your dog to chew. It's a normal, healthy activity that can be a dog's favorite pastime. The problem arises when your dog is chewing on all the wrong things. To keep your dog from chewing on shoes, socks, and other objects, don't ever use the items as toys. For example, if you give your dog an old sock or shoe to play with, he may think that all socks and shoes are his to chew on. When at all possible, keep the objects out of reach of your dog. Provide him with a "puppy proof" area, full of chew toys such as Kongs and Nyla-bones.
Since puppies chew because they're teething, always have a supply of chew toys on hand. Whenever you see your dog about to chew on something else, say "No!" gently take it from him, and replace it with one of his chew toys.
Some spray products on the market may help deter unwanted chewing. Products like Bitter Apple or hot sauce will make the chewable items taste bad.
If after these interventions, your dog is still chewing you out of house and home, particularly when he's left alone, he may be suffering from separation anxiety and may need professional help.
Begging for Food
Dogs are scavengers. Most dogs can't resist the smell of food wafting toward their nose. Once you offer them a bite from your plate, they will take it as an invitation to join you at every meal. You can teach your dog that this is unacceptable behavior by giving him the "sit" or "lie down" commands when you sit down to eat. It's also highly effective to "stare down" your dog in order to get the message across. Make direct eye contact with him until he looks away. Wolf and dog alpha leaders use the stare down to elicit submissive behavior from their underlings.
At the end of the meal, give your dog a verbal signal that it's okay to get up. A simple, "Okay!" and lots of praise should do the trick. If none of these techniques work, crate him or have him stay somewhere out of sight of the dining room table until you've finished eating. Also, try feeding your dog before you eat.
The key to stopping your dog from stealing food from the counter top or table is to startle him (without harming him, of course). You can easily make a homemade device to accomplish this by putting several pebbles in an empty pop can and attaching it with string to a piece of food. When your dog steals the piece of food, the can will come crashing down and scare him out of his bad habit.
Pulling on the Leash / Lead
Dogs will tend to pull on their leash if they are excited about being out for a walk. Dogs naturally resist the pull of a leash by forging forward. The only way a dog will understand that pulling is not okay is to teach him on-leash manners. You can use basic obedience techniques to teach him to "heel" and walk comfortably on his leash, rather than drag you to where he wants to go.
A dog that refuses commands that he has already been trained to obey is challenging his owner's authority as alpha leader. This is especially common in adolescent dogs. It's important to always correct a challenge by insisting on the spot that the dog obey your command. Never allow your dog to get away with ignoring a command. Otherwise, it will become difficult to make him follow your commands in the future.
If your dog continues to challenge you, re-establish dominance by making focused eye contact, speaking in a stern but controlled voice and giving him a time out in his crate. Never assert your authority with physical punishment.
Many dogs eat their own faeces, but no one is really sure why. One theory is that dogs are imitating their mother's behavior of cleaning up after them when they soil their whelping area as puppies. Another theory is that the dog has a trypsin (digestive enzyme) deficiency. The dog is not getting enough nutrients from his food, so he eats the stool to compensate. A veterinarian can easily test your dog for this syndrome. Eating feces is usually only harmful if the faeces contains parasites. Nevertheless, it's an unattractive habit and there are several ways to curb it:
If your dog won't give up the habit, have a veterinarian examine him to rule out any nutritional deficiencies or other health problems.