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Vaccines, Neutering/Spaying and Microchipping
Dew Claws, what are they and removal
Poisonous food, trees, plants and flowers
UK Dog laws, how they effect you
Signs of Illness in Your Bird
Dog Diseases Q and A
Dog Behavior and Misbehavior
Submissive Urination in Dogs
Dog First Aid
Dogs in the Heat

This page is meant as a helpful guide we are by no means experts
Poisons can be eaten, absorbed through the skin, and inhaled. Some poisons act immediately, some can take days to appear, which can make diagnosis very difficult. If you suspect that your pet has been poisoned, time is of the essence!

Call your veterinarian or veterinary emergency clinic immediately.
Making sure that you have the following information at hand :
Exact name of toxin ingested, inhaled, or absorbed
Approximately how much of the toxin was ingested
How long ago you suspect that your pet may have been poisoned
Approximate weight of your pet
What signs your pet is showing
For Example:
vomiting, tremors, salivation, etc., and general observations , such as color of the gums (capillary refill time), respiratory rate, heart rate, and if possible, body temperature


Many common foods are actually harmful or even fatal to dogs. Some of these (listed below) will surprise you. Others are things you would never give your dog purposefully, but now you will be more careful to not let them be in your dog's reach. And some just need to be limited to small amounts.

Common Foods That Are Harmful Or Even Fatal to Dogs

Avocados (fruit, pip, and plant) are toxic to dogs. They can cause difficulty breathing; fluid accumulation in the chest, abdomen and heart; or pancreatitis.
Onions destroy red blood cells and can cause anemia, weakness, and breathing difficulty. Even small amounts can cause cumulative damage over time. This includes onions or chives - raw, powdered, dehydrated, or cooked.
Garlic in large amounts cause the same problems as onions.
Grapes and raisins can cause kidney failure in dogs. As little as a single serving of raisins can kill him. If the dog doesn't eat enough at one time to be fatal, he can be severely damaged by eating just a few grapes or raisins regularly.
Tomatoes can cause tremors and heart arrhythmias. Tomato plants and the most toxic, but tomatoes themselves are also unsafe. (All parts of the plant except the tomato itself are also poisonous to humans.)
Nutmeg can cause tremors, seizures and death.
Caffeine (from coffee, coffee grounds, tea, or tea bags) stimulates the central nervous and cardiac systems, and can cause vomiting, restlessness, heart palpitations, and even death within hours.
Xylitol Diet products containing the sweetener can cause a sudden drop in blood sugar, resulting in depression, loss of coordination and seizures. Unless treatment is given quickly, the dog could die.
Macadamia nuts can cause weakness, muscle tremor and paralysis. These symptoms are usually temporary.
Walnuts are poisonous to dogs, a type of fungus common to walnuts (especially wet deadfall walnuts) will cause severe episodes of seizuring.
Chocolate can cause seizures, coma and death. Bakerís chocolate is the most dangerous. The darker the chocolate, the more dangerous it is. But any chocolate, in large enough amounts, can kill a dog. An ounce of chocolate can poison a 30-pound dog, and many dogs will happily consume more than this. The symptoms may not show up for several hours (and so might make you think all is well), with death following within twenty-four hours. A dog can consume milk chocolate and appear to be fine because it is not as concentrated, but it is still dangerous.
Apple seeds, cherry pips, peach pips, pear pips, plum pips, peaches and apricot pips contain cyanide, which is poisonous.
Salt in high amounts can cause kidney problems. Also, large breeds of dogs that eat salty food may then drink too much water and develop bloat, which is fatal unless emergency treatment is given very quickly.
Fat or fried foods can cause pancreatitis.
Ham and bacon contain too much fat and too much salt, and can cause pancreatitis. Also, large breeds of dogs that eat salty food may drink too much water and develop a life-threatening condition called bloat. This is where the stomach fills up with gas and within several hours may twist, causing death.
Raw liver or too much cooked liver (three servings a week) can lead to vitamin A toxicity. This can cause deformed bones, excessive bone growth on the elbows and spine, weight loss, and anorexia. Check the label of your canned dog food to be sure that it does not contain liver if you are giving your dog liver also.
Wild mushrooms can cause abdominal pain, drooling, liver damage, kidney damage, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions, coma, or death.
Raw egg whites contain a protein called avidin, which can deplete your dog of biotin, one of the B vitamins. Biotin is essential to your dogís growth and coat health. The lack of it can cause hair loss, weakness, growth retardation, or skeleton deformity. Raw egg yolks contain enough biotin to prevent the deficiency, so this is not a problem with raw whole eggs. Raw egg yolks could contain salmonella, so you should get your eggs from a reliable source or cook the eggs.
Grains should not be given in large amounts or make up a large part of a dogís diet, but rice is generally safe in small amounts.
Cooked bones can splinter and tear a dogís internal organs.
Some Vegetables are undigestable (green beans, sweetcorn, lettuce, potatoes or yams) whole or in large pieces, carrots (we have removed carrots from the list due to conflicting information, we have found that over 90% of our visitors have had no problems feeding carrots), Potato peels and green potatoes are dangerous.
Dairy products are high in fat, which can cause pancreatitis, gas and diarrhea. A small amount of non-fat, plain yogurt is usually safe.
Pennies/Coins made from the 1980s todate contain zinc, which can cause kidney failure and damage to red blood cells. A dog that consumes even one penny can become quite sick, or even die, if the penny is not removed.


Poisonous Tree and Plants

What to Watch For

If the dog is drooling excessively, shaking his head, gasping, swallowing repeatedly, or acting depressed, he may be exhibiting symptoms of plant poisoning.

Some plants have to be chewed and swallowed to make the pet sick, others, such as the dieffenbachia, simply have to come in contact with your pet's mouth, tongue or throat to cause a reaction. Treatment for caustic burns in the mouth depends on whether the plant is acidic or not. Again, identify the plant and talk to your veterinarian.

Did You Know?

Poison Oak and Ivy are harmful to humans, but they do not seem to affect livestock or pets. However, tobacco and marijuana are extremely toxic.

Trees and Vines

Names Symptoms
Apple (stem and leaves) shock, mouth inflammation, rapid increase in breathing
Yew (American, English, Western) Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Apricot Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Almond Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Peach Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Wild Cherry Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Japanese Plum Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Ficus (Cuban Laurel) stomach upset
Cherry rapid breathing, shock, mouth inflammation, heart rate increase
Balsam Pear Diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Ficus Lyrata (Fiddle-Leaf) stomach upset, irritated skin
Oak Varied effects
Philodendron (Devil's Ivy) upset stomach, convulsions, asphyxiation, death
English Ivy stomach upset, hyperactivity, laboured breath, drooling, Fever, thirst increase, pupil dilation, staggering
Jasmine convulsions, death
Vine pupil dilation, upset stomach, drooling, heart failure
Matrimony Vine varied effects
Virginia Creeper Ingesting any part of the vine (except the fruit), however, can cause vomiting, nausea, stomach ache, headache and, in severe cases, even kidney damage.


Names Symptoms
Asparagus Fern vomiting, respiratory problems, kidney failure, tremours, abdominal pain
Caladium mouth irritation, stomach upset, asphyxiation, tremours, seizures, death
Colocasia (Elephant's Ear) mouth irritation, stomach upset, asphyxiation, tremours, seizures, death
Deiffenbachia (Dumb Cane) mouth irritation, stomach upset, asphyxiation, tremours, seizures, death
Philodendron (Saddle Leaf, Split Leaf) Mouth swelling, irritation
Poinsetta mouth irritation, stomach upset
Mum (Pot and Spider) Skin irritation
Umbrella Plant vomiting, respiratory problems, kidney failure, tremours, abdominal pain
Aloe Vera diarrhea
Mistletoe Diarrhea, vomiting, shock and death within hours of ingestion.

Poisonous Flowers

Names Symptoms
Amaryllis stomach upset, lethargy, shock, death
Crocus stomach upset, liver failure, lethargy, shock, death
Buttercup stomach upset
Calla Lily stomach upset, mouth irritation, asphyxiation, seizures, Death
Christmas Rose stomach upset, diarhea, convulsions
Chrysanthemum skin irritation
Daffodil (bulb) stomach upset, tremours, seizures, lethargy, heart Failure, Death
Easter Lily stomach upset, kidney failure
Foxglove stomach upset, tremours, seizures, lethargy, heart Failure, Death
Hyacinth (bulb) varied effects, see Tulip below
Iris (root) stomach upset
Jessamine seizures, respiratory failure
Morning Glory stomach upset, hallucinations
Narcissus stomach upset, staggering, tremours, seizures, heart failure, death
Peony stomach upset, staggering, tremours, seizures, heart failure, death
Periwinkle hallucinogen
Poinsetta stomach upset, mouth irritation
Primrose stomach upset
Tulip (bulb) Can cause gastric irritation and sometimes central nervous system excitement followed by coma, and, in severe cases even death.
Lillies These plants can cause irreversible kidney damage.